The physiological functions of humans include many different processes that are directly or indirectly affected by eating. Eating is defined as the intake of food, usually to supply energy to help for growth and to enable an organism to metabolize food in the intestines. After eating, the nutrients are used in various metabolic processes and the waste material is expelled from the body. The entire process of digestion is controlled by the digestive system.
People should eat several key nutrients to ensure good health. The first five food groups are carbohydrates, proteins, fruits, vegetables and dairy products. The consumption of these key nutrients plays a vital role in the body. The recommended diet means eating foods from each of the five food groups, with the exception of nuts and eggs, which are considered to be allergens by some people.
The variety of foods to eat is unlimited and includes pasta and beans, rice, cereal, cereals, beans, nuts, tomatoes, rice cakes, dried fruits, milk, yoghurt, cheese or substitutes, potatoes, sweet potatoes, green leafy vegetables, pasta and meat dishes. Sweet dishes should be served in moderation, as sweet dishes usually contain higher concentrations of calories and fat. Milk and yoghurt are considered acceptable substitutes if consumed in moderate quantities. Alcohol is strictly avoided while cooking, as it increases the cholesterol level and thus increases the risk of heart diseases.
Foods that are high in calories include those high in saturated fat, salt, sugar and processed flour. These should be reduced to reduce weight. Other foods that are rich in calories but low in nutritional content are bakery products, fast food, junk foods and snacks. High calorie soft drinks should be replaced with low-calorie drinks containing fruit and vegetable ingredients, including juice, water, fruit flavors. Salt is commonly added to foods to increase the taste and texture.
A balanced diet that contains a combination of dietary fiber, fruits and vegetables, carbohydrates, protein, fats, and other nutrient sources is the foundation of a healthy lifestyle. To achieve this diet, consumers should make wise food choices and avoid making the common mistakes of overindulging with discretionary choices. Examples of these discretionary choices are snacks such as potato chips, soft drinks, cookies and other foods that contain added salt and sugar. In addition, individuals should reduce their consumption of alcoholic beverages.
In conclusion, eat a wide variety of foods from an extensive range of food groups. Choose foods that are low in saturated fat, sodium and sugar. Choose grain products for protein. Limit your consumption of sugary and salty foods. Be cautious about alcoholic beverages. Exercise regularly, practice good hygiene, and you will enjoy a healthy diet that contributes to good health.